Posts Tagged ‘ chemical plant site ’

7 Hazard Sources That Most Companies Fail to Recognize

Hazard identification is the key to effective hazard control. It is the first thing to do before hazard control methods determined. All safety measures and activities should always be constructed and referred to the results of hazard identifications.

Hazard identification is an on going process. This means that it should be performed in regular period and at the same time updated to evaluate the effectiveness of hazard control methods used for each hazard.

Every time a process created, process condition changed, piping modified, new equipment installed or Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) revised, hazard identification should be updated. It is to assess risks associated with the changes and to ensure that current hazard control methods are still effective.


Chemical Safety Labels – Overview

Chemical safety labels are parts of hazard controls against hazardous chemicals. Correct chemical safety labeling is fundamental factor to workplace safety. Besides, it is also required by legal.


Chemical safety labels inform potential hazards posed by hazardous chemicals, as well as other important information such as first aid procedure and emergency procedure. Their applications on hazardous chemical containers are very practical on how to use the products safely.

Potential hazards contained in a specific hazardous chemical may in form of physical and health hazards. Physical hazards could be combustible liquid, explosive, compressed gases, flammable, oxidizer, organic peroxide, water reactive and unstable or reactive. Health hazards of hazardous chemical could be carcinogenic (cancer-causing), irritant, corrosive, sensitizer, acutely toxic, chronically toxic, reproductive toxin, hepatotoxins, nephatoxins, neurotoxins, substances that damage the skin, eyes, mucous membranes or lungs, and substances that work on the circulatory system.

Failure to provide correct chemical safety labels or chemical hazard labels can cause injuries, ill health, death, fire and explosion. As an example, when a worker is mixing two chemicals or more without clear labels, could create toxic gases or even explosion. (more…)

Introducing Infrared Temperature Measurement

Infrared temperature measurement is usually carried out as a part of predictive maintenance program in a chemical plant. It is done to detect and measure abnormal temperature or hotspot of electromechanical equipment before troubles happen.

thermographic-inspectionsThe thermal image resulted from infrared temperature measurement represents thermal property of the equipment. By knowing that condition, preventive maintenance will be more effective, efficient and downtime of the plant can be reduced significantly.

In safety standpoint, infrared temperature measurement helps providing important information about problems at electrical components. Electrical component or equipment failure due to overheating for example could cause fire accident that harms employees’ safety. (more…)

How to Write Accident Report for Chemical Plant

A Quick Guide to How To Write Accident Report for Chemical Plant

by Lukman Nulhakiem

Writing accident report is performed after the accident investigation process finished. An industrial accident report should be able to answer key information related to the accident: who, what, where, when, why and how the accident happened. Besides, it should also recommend preventive actions to stop the accident from recurrence.  

Accident investigation will determine the root cause of the accident that happen in chemical plant site. And this information should be included in the accident report and it states clearly failure that leaded to the accident.

The person in charge, who is assigned to do the accident investigation, is generally the same person who makes the accident report plant. To perform such important report, he or she has to be trained well about accident investigation procedure and reporting. Then, the accident report will be transferred for management review. (more…)

Buy Safety Shoes

Workers often ignore to wear the right safety shoes, even though they wear safety shoes during all the working hours. In fact, wearing the right safety shoes will directly affect to their safety and health as well as their productivity. As a part of personal protective equipment (PPE), safety shoes are expected to provide not only safety but also comfort to workers’ feet.

By considering the two aims, we will talk about factors that determine selection of the right ones.

Choose Safety Shoes with the Right Fit

Comport and protection can only be achieved if we buy safety shoes that fit correctly with the feet. This condition actually applies to all personal protective equipments. (more…)

Electric Safety Video: Electrical Breaker Box Log-Out & Tag-Out Procedures

In the previous video, we have known about electric hazards that are commonly found in chemical plant site. In the following electric safety video, we will learn about how to do log-out & tag-out on electrical breaker box.

This log-out & tag-out procedure is very important aims to cut off electric energy that will harm workers. And it should become a part of work permit procedures. (more…)

Confined Spaces Definition

confined-spacesIn this post, we will talk about confined spaces definition. After reading this post, it is hoped that you could easily recognize confined spaces in the plant site and provide adequate hazard control against confined spaces hazards.

By definition, confined spaces mean spaces that are large enough spaces where workers can bodily enter and perform assigned works. Confined spaces, which can easily found in chemical plant site, at least have the following characteristics:

a. Have limited or restricted openings/ways for entry and exit.
b. Not designed and purposed for continuous workers occupancy.
c. Have poor natural ventilation.

According to the above definition, we should be able to identify all of the confined spaces exist in the plant site. And I believe we can easily identify them. Below are confined spaces that are commonly found in chemical plant site. Just add them through comment column if you would like to add another one and share with other readers

1. Solvent tanks
2. Pressure vessels
3. Boiler
4. Reaction towers
5. Product tanks
6. Gas holder
7. Absorber column
8. Kiln
9. Calciner
10. Resin exchanger column
11. Large piping line
12. Bulk chemical container

I have many experiences working in confined spaces during my assign work in chemical plant site. Storage tanks, pressure vessels and reactors are some of confined spaces that I had entered. Special precautions have to be fully given during work in confined spaces, otherwise accident will probably occur.

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