Chemical Spill Kits

Chemical spill kits are a collection of tools and materials that are required for taking countermeasures on chemical spills. They should be readily available whenever chemical spills happen, in order to eliminate and or reduce hazards associated with the spills.

Selection of chemical spill kits should be made based on nature of spilled chemicals (hazardous level), spill volume and location of the spills. Nature of the chemicals should always be referred to their MSDS.

The spill kits must be compatible with the spilled chemicals. For example, absorbent material used for absorbing acid must not react with the acid. Use only acid spill kit, otherwise it could generate additional hazard that increases the danger level of the spills.

Chemical spill kits at least should include the following items, but not limited to:

  1. Sufficient amount of vermiculite that is capable of handling the largest chemical container in that area of non corrosive liquid.
  2. Sodium hydrogen carbonate is available in sufficient amount for corrosive liquid spills.
  3. Absorbents, such as saw dust and sand to absorb liquid spills. To absorb larger spill, use absorbent pillows and booms.
  4. Brooms, dustpans and open basket for sweeping up and carrying absorbent materials.
  5. Plastic bags with seal for containing spilled chemicals prior to disposal. As an alternative, we can use plastic drum (with lid) for this.
  6. Neutralizer for acids, bases and solvent spills.
  7. Shovel for moving absorbent material from spill area into plastic bags.
  8. pH meter.
  9. Personal protective equipments (PPE), which include safety goggles, gloves, gas masker and chemical coat or suit.
  10. Spill signs and safety line, to locate spill area.
  11. A copy of chemical spill cleans up procedures.
  12. A bin equipped with wheels for carrying the entire above chemical spill kits.

Ensure the bin is clearly labeled and located in an accessible location. Prepare marking label that shows spill kits location and provide enough spill kits for each work area and laboratory.

Finally, do not forget to perform regular inventory check of spill kit at least once a month and always make sure the kit is complete. Provide list of kit contents to make easy checking.

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